Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-9
Assessment of Some Basic Engineering Properties of Fibres Extracted from Thaumatococcus danielli Plant
Nurudeen Simbiat Adesola, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Lasisi Kayode Hassan, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Babatola Josiah Oladele, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Lafe Olurinde, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria; Centre for Renewable Energy and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 4, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 31, 2020;       Published: Feb. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.mlr.20200501.11      View  83      Downloads  13
Abstract
The use of natural fibres either as reinforcement in polymer composites or as stand-alone material in engineering and construction is continuously gaining more attention. This study assesses some basic engineering properties of fibres extracted from thaumatococcus daniellii plant using topbond and evo-stik as adhesives. A total of 340 individual samples were weaved into sizes of 15 cm by 15 cm and glued together to a thickness of 2.5 cm from two fibre types of different texture and structure derived from thaumatococcus daniellii plant. Some of the samples were selected for alkali and acetylation treatments to improve their strength and were thereafter subjected to basic engineering tests such as water absorption, flexural strength, fire resistance and tensile strength tests. The test results show that the average water absorption rate of the treated materials glued with topbond for Material A possesses a lower percentage of 19.61% than 51.41% for treated materials glued with topbond for Material B. Material with evo-stik as adhesives has an extremely high water absorbing capacity. The average flexural strength of 103.50 Mpa for treated and topbond glued Material A is higher than 73.07 Mpa for treated Material B and other untreated materials. Material A exhibits better fire resistance property than Material B, as it takes the latter longer time for ignition to occur during the test. Although, Material B give higher tensile strength values than Material A but with insignificant difference. The comparison between the two materials given due consideration to the adhesives used shows some correlation in their properties. However, Material A gives more satisfactory results than Material B hence making it the best choice of material from the two fibres extracted from the plant.
Keywords
Thaumatococcus daniellii, Adhesives, Water Absorption, Flexural Strength, Tensile Strength
To cite this article
Nurudeen Simbiat Adesola, Lasisi Kayode Hassan, Babatola Josiah Oladele, Lafe Olurinde, Assessment of Some Basic Engineering Properties of Fibres Extracted from Thaumatococcus danielli Plant, Machine Learning Research. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.mlr.20200501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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